NCC 3 – How Many Persons are There in God?

There may be no doctrine more difficult to comprehend than the doctrine of the Trinity. The concept of the Trinity is humanly illogical; and yet, with God all things are possible (Matthew 19:26). The core beliefs of the Trinity can be summarized in three statements: (1) God is three persons, (2) Each person is fully God, and (3) There is one God. For those who grew up in church, the doctrine is accepted as true; but, either ignored or drastically simplified in inadequate analogies such as the three phases of water, three functions of a person, or the three tenses of time. However, each analogy falls far short of explaining the Trinity. The best explanation may not be one in which the Trinity is understood, but one that allows the mystery of Trinity to prevail. This is not to say that the Trinity should not be contemplated or reasoned, but it is to say that at the end of the day the Trinity is taken on faith, not logic. As the Apostle’s Creed testifies, “We believe in God the Father…We believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son…We believe in the Holy Spirit.” We believe each of these persons are fully and equally God, each sharing all of the characteristics of the other. We believe each of these persons are fully and equally unique, each existing distinctly, yet in unity with the others. May God grant us to the faith to believe, the passion to keep exploring, and the peace to be okay believing the unexplainable.

There are three persons in the one true and living God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They are the same in substance, equal in power and glory.


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