Ninth Commandment. The ninth commandment instructs God’s people to speak the truth. The language of the commandment speaks specifically of legal proceedings which is made clear later in Exodus 23:1-8 where the same language is used. While the language of the command is limited the scope of the injunction to tell to the truth is wide ranging. The Apostle Paul writes in Ephesians 4:25, “Therefore, having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor.” As God’s people we are always to speak truthfully no matter the circumstances.
Tenth Commandment. The tenth commandment prohibits God’s people from desiring other people’s possessions. In many ways this command summarizes the heart intent of the other commandments. If a person desires the authority over their life that rightfully belongs to their parents it will cause them to dishonor their parents, breaking the fifth commandment. If a person desires another person’s possessions it may lead them to steal it from them (eighth commandment), lie to acquire it (ninth commandment), or even kill them (sixth commandment) to possess it. If person desires the spouse of another it causes them to commit adultery, thus breaking the seventh commandment. The breaking of the tenth commandment leads us the break at least one of the other commandments and therefore is a safeguard for keeping all the commandments.
Ninth, that we do not lie or deceive, but speak the truth in love. Tenth, that we are content, not envying anyone or resenting what God has given them or us.